Three Aspects of Cybercrime


is any instance where the Internet is used to copy a digital document without authorization.

Examples :

*  copying and distributing music (MP3) or video without the copyright holder’s permission,

*  using cloned credit card information to steal from an online store,

*  copying software onto a CD without paying for it.


accessing a computer’s or network’s resources without authorization or permission from the owner, but does not alter, disturb, misuse, or damage the data or system. This is hacking for the purpose of entering an electronic network without permission.

Examples :

*  Using a wireless internet connection at a hotel at which you are staying and accessing the hotel’s private files without disturbing them because they are available.

*  Reading email, files, or noting which programs are installed on a third-party’s computer system without permission just for fun, because you can. This is sometimes simply called snooping.


Damaging or destroying data rather than stealing or misusing them (as with cybertheft) is called cybervandalism. This can include a situation where network services are disrupted or stopped. This deprives the computer/network owners and authorized users (website visitors, employees) of the network itself and the data or information contained on the network.


*  Entering a network without permission and altering, destroying, or deleting data or files.

*  Deliberately entering malicious code (viruses, rootkits, trojans) into a computer network to monitor, follow, disrupt, stop, or perform any other action without the permission of the owner of the network.

*  Attacking the server of the computer network (DDoS attack) so the server does not perform properly or prevents legitimate website visitors from accessing the network resources with the proper permissions.


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